Just 20 km. Puerto Montt, located on the shores of Lake Llanquihue, the third natural lake no bigger share of South America. In their blue, cold and deep waters, reflecting the perfect cone of Osorno volcano and shows the tops of volcanoes Puntiagudo, Calbuco and Tronador. That its height is 3491 meters the highest peak in the region.
At its west bank are the tourist localities of Puerto Octay Frutillar and Llanquihue.
The city of Puerto Varas, also known as "City of Roses", was formed following the arrival of German colonists who settled on the banks of Lake Llanquihue in the mid-nineteenth century. The high growth of Puerto Montt (20 km. Two-way road), was transforming the city into a resort place of residence which has enriched urban life. Today Hamilton has an excellent hotel infrastructure permanently growing, given the strong growth that has seen tourism every year.
Located at 1016 km. south of Santiago, the city of Puerto Montt. Melipulli originally called (in Mapudungun language means 4 hills) by the beautiful view to the volcanoes Osorno and Calbuco, and Puntiagudo Tronador, the city is located in a large amphitheater at the north end of the breast Reloncavì. And it is the gateway to Patagonia Chilena Its port, in the west, the island is protected by Tenglo. In 1852 an important event happens that would mark the history and identity throughout this region. arrive by sea the first German settlers, who by dint of courage and in an effort to transform impenetrable jungles and swamps in areas of cultivation. Leaving an indelible mark when it comes to architecture, cuisine and giving a distinctive stamp to the cities inhabited by them since 1985, a new business generates a strong economic and population growth, the cultivation of salmon. Injecting a great dynamism. commercial and placing Chile as a major world producer of Salmon Puerto Montt is also the focal point between mainland Chile and the southern tip with its many islands. Since starting the spring tour to the islands of the Reloncaví Sound, the archipelago of Chiloe, Aisen, Laguna San Rafael and Patagonia.
This impressive stretch of water, glacier and almost all the lakes in the south of Chile is the second lake in size nationally, after the General Carrera lake, gives life and their own identity to the cities along it around in its blue waters reflecting images of the majestic volcanoes Osorno, Calbuco, and sharp.
During German colonization (1853-1881) played a vital role in the development of cities Frutillar Puerto Varas, Puerto Octay.
since it became virtually the only means by which it is able to converge the efforts of the business of colonization, with no roads, all trade transit through their cool waters, was discovered by the white man nothing less than the the Conquistador Pedro de Valdivia in Chile in 1552.
Its origin dates back to the German colonization in 1852 built the first facilities in time becomes one of the most important ports of Lake Llanquihue clearly emphasizes the great influence with German construction of their houses of great beauty.
This town originally called Puerto Muñoz Gamero whose name Cristino Ochs a trader to the beginning of the village's name is Octay derivation of the sentence "where there Ochs" in reference to its choice of store
Just 3 miles away lies the peninsula from the Sentinel which has an excellent appreciation of flora in the area
Frutillar is a community, city and lake resort located in southern Chile, on the west bank of Lake Llanquihiue. Known for its beautiful landscape, German traditions that have remained since the time of its founding and the Musical Weeks of Frutillar, renowned event is held each summer in which classical music is interpreted in a privileged environment, literally on the lake.
Founded on November 23, 1856 by German settlers who arrived in the area during the government of President Manuel Montt delLago along Llanquihue. The settlers built their homes in the hills of the surrounding area, due to the swampy terrain near the lake, and entirely devoted to farming and agribusiness, as the operation of farms, mills, from distilleries, tan00 and some stores dedicated to the sale of food and supplies. As a result then the process of German colonization join the nascent village customs and traditions typical people brought from their homelands. Because the town was obligated between Osorno and Puerto Montt was a rapid development, promoting the formation of trade and industry.
Soon began to occupy the farms measured by José Dechen, the first families of German settlers were among those Kaschel Wilhelm, Heinrich Kuschel, Theodor Niklitschel, Nannig Christian, Christian Winkler, Adams Schmidt, among many others.
offers lot of possibilities, beginning with its spa overlooking the imposing volcanoes (followed by their German Colonial Museum and crafts German-style or Southern. You can also enjoy the natural beauty of its surroundings, traveling the roads to the Netherlands (north) or Punta Larga (south), or even around the lake. The lake also offers water sports such as sailing. Another of the many options are Frutillar Music Weeks ,
Teatro del Lago Frutillar created to perform the Musical Weeks of Frutillar
philharmonic and symphony orchestras directed by famous directors, along with chamber ensembles, choirs, jazz and opera performers from renowned national and international.
Commune, where each of them creates the folklore and cultural values of Frutillar, highlighting this aspect of the folk group Stirrups Frutillar who have traveled much of the region showing their music and dances.
Over the past 20 years, Frutillar has experienced a surge in tourism. Has kept the German colonial style town. It has developed the hotel, food, sailing, salmon fishing and hunting.
Saltos del Petrohue
The jumps are Petrohue inside the National Park Vicente Perez Rosales, in the town of Ensenada, in the Tenth Region of Los Lagos in Llanquihue.
the indescribable scenery of the jungle Valdivian offered by all shades of green in the woods, skies, the vastness of Lake Llanquihue appears that an ocean without end and the impressive Osorno volcano.
In this wonderful path, which winds through the mountain boarding increasingly toward the top, we can see the volcano Calbuco, double and single fumarole zone maintained periods of activity, as in the year 1996 now it is again repeated. Near the crater game rocks can be seen in red, remnants of ancient eruptions.
The road ends at the beach of Lake Todos Los Santos, located up to 76 kilometers from Puerto Varas, and other natural wonders of the area reflected in its turquoise waters to the impressive Osorno Volcano and sharp. The incredible waters of this lake are not as cold as you might think of a mountain lake, but more warm, as warm by the presence of volcanoes, which also delivers minerals like copper and sulfur, providing therapeutic properties and a crystal that reflects the beautiful vegetation of the surroundings.
If we continue sailing through Lake Todos Los Santos 20 nautical miles to the east, you reach the town of Peulla, a small mountain village that, like Petrohue is part of the circuit linking Andean Crossing Puerto Montt to San Carlos Bariloche and Lake Nahuel Huapi in Argentina. There is no land route to a two points, so the navigation is the best alternative, and lets you enjoy an eco-adventure, appreciating the ways of nature so beautiful and unforgettable.
The lake has two tributaries, Peulla River and White River, which drains into the Tronador, while All Saints drains in the town of Petrohue, creating the famous Falls Petrohue, capricious waterfalls three meters of which were created by features in the volcanic rock that flow into several pools. After the falls, the river Petrohue continues with its usual strength and flow, where you can engage in adventure tourism, as rafting and jet boat rides.
By the presence of volcanic activity, the waters of lakes and rivers are not so cold and there are also areas of water springs, and as Vuriloche Ranco. Also has height differences caused by different reliefs inside the 220 hectares, which generate different types of areas depending on rainfall, allowing a diverse flora that exists between the latter, the coihue, ulmo, and other trees covered radal with lichens, and a thick forest of ferns, shrubs and bushes of Murter.
Here you will find several species of fauna such as lizards, rodents, pumas, Pudu, culpeo Fox and others, besides a large number of insects and frogs. In the All Saints Lake and the river are Petrohue fish species like rainbow trout, Chilean silverside and tents and recreational fishing is done.
It also has the imposing landscape of three impressive volcanoes, the Tronador on the border of both countries is covered by seven glaciers, the Osorno volcano, with more than 2000 meters and a nearly symmetrical cone, which invites the climbs but it is known for its treacherous weather that could endanger its descent, like the volcano Puntiagudo, with 2400 meters high with a summit that no one has reached the steep slope and unstable ground
No one is more of the almost 3,000 volcanoes with which the Chilean territory, is a real Postal omnipresent throughout the lake region where its almost perfect cone rises steeply against the blue sky in its 2652 meters high, is visible from a great distance, even from the large island of Chiloé is located only 60 kilometers from the city of Puerto Varas, on the opposite bank of Lake Llanquihue, transforming one of the most representative icons of all the cities along that surrounding the lake, giving them their trademark.
With its classic dark green-black and decorated with the arms of eternal snow, their presence attracts thousands of tourists who visit each year. Summit is to look at something that hipnotiza and go over there to try to climb various excursions, or simply arrive to the center of Sky for drinking hot chocolate.
Recorded eruptions dating back to 1790, 1835, 1869 to 1835 was very important from the standpoint of material ejected and had to reach, is still clearly visible impact on the environment can see the "roads" of volcanic lava facing slopes also hold a visitor witnessed the eruption of 1835 from the coast of Ancud to the big island of Chiloe, Charles Darwin, suggested that even a theory that can not be assessed in the following paragraph from his diary.
"I was very surprised to learn later that Aconcagua, in Argentina, 480 miles further north, was erupted during the night, and I am even more surprised to get news to me that the great eruption of Cosequina, 2700 miles north of Aconcagua, rash accompanied by an earthquake that was felt in a radius of 1000 miles, took place six hours later. It's hard to even venture a guess whether this coincidence is accidental or if there is to see it as proof of some communication ground. "
Unfortunately this time the truth was not on the side of the English naturalist, the Aconcagua is not a volcano and there is no connectivity between the volcanoes
At its foot can develop in various activities ranging from the observation of this monument of nature, via Sky that this effect is as much a cozy mountain lifts and transportation, the summit climb, explore volcanic caves, mountain biking, horseback riding, canopy, etc.
In short, a place that requires a visit
The large island of Chiloé, the largest island in South America after Tierra del Fuego, located at 68 kilometers south of Puerto Montt began a significant change in the geography of Chile typical north, with its classic central valley enclosed by 2 mountain ranges, the Andes, the coast and the latter much lower than the previous, Chiloé to reach this composition breaks the Central Valley and sinks leads to a great inland sea, the mountains of the coast is fragmented on many islands forming an archipelago of great attraction and beauty of the Andes mountain range literally falls to the sea. This isolation and fusion of cultures of the Spanish conquistadors and native peoples, as well as great religious influence provided by the Jesuit missionaries and their work resulted in the evangelical identity Chilota with their customs, traditions and mythology very curious to try explained in the world he lived in a very particular, transform it into an interesting tourist destination, all the above plus a great scenic beauty,
Ancud and Castro are the main urban centers.
History of Chiloé
In the sixteenth century, the inhabitants of the archipelago of Chiloe took a sedentary lifestyle, an economy based on farming and fishing. The Spanish navigators had discovered the archipelago in the mid-sixteenth century, but colonization began only en1567 when Martin Ruiz de Gamboa founded the cities of Santiago de Chacao and Castro on Isla Grande de Chiloé.
The Spaniards were impressed by the docile and receptive to the Indians. Implementation of the universal system of encomienda, which was to pay tribute to the Spanish Crown by the Indians in the form of work given to colonists in exchange for food and religious instruction. There were occasional rebellions by the indigenous people. The most important occurred in 1712 and his case was that the harsh treatment inflicted on the natural encomenderos of the time, who accused the Jesuits of incitement to rebellion, which was brutally repressed.
The missionaries had arrived with early settlers, and came from the Order of St. Francis and Our Lady of Mercy. After an exploratory visit en1608. The Society of Jesus began to send their members to begin the process of evangelization that shaped the cultural characteristics of the archipelago and is the result of which the construction of churches listed in this application.
The strategy focused on the Jesuit Mission Circulante. Groups Jesuits made annual tours during the warm months, from the College of the Order in Castro. Spent several days in each mission, according to its predetermined pathway, the missions had been founded near the beach so that these routes would be by boat. While there, serving the spiritual and material needs of communities. At the beginning these missions were not inhabited on a permanent basis, but over time the Jesuits began to build chapels and places of accommodation for religious, built by the local community, using materials and techniques in the area. Caring for the church and its cemetery and meet the basic spiritual needs, the Jesuits appointed lay people elected from among the dominant families, called prosecutors. This was part of the Jesuit tradition, promoting the active development of their own religious and social life for indigenous communities. In the late nineteenth century, had been built over a hundred churches in the fifties and sixties which survive to this day.
Attacks by pirates have been a feature of the seventeenth century, and the Spaniards who lived in the cities began to leave in search of greater security in the area. To accomplish this takeover of indigenous land, which increased product of racial and cultural assimilation between the two groups. The group chilota, today a majority in the archipelago, is the result of this process of miscegenation. Christianity was embraced by the natives as the Spaniards took the local language, Velich (now defunct), to communicate. The Spaniards have also adopted the lifestyle of indigenous people, were devoted to fishing and agriculture and used their technology.
When the Jesuits were expelled in 1767, his work was continued by the Franciscans, who appreciated the value of the work of the Jesuits and continued actively. Current Mission used as the basis for the creation of new centers, each with its own area of work. Later this became the parish system, created in 1840.
Despite the efforts of the Spanish colonial power, the cities became mere administrative centers, and at the time that ended colonial rule there were no more than five towns in Chiloé. However, the strategic importance of the Archipelago was recognized and became a dependency of the Captaincy General of Chile in Lima instead. The military garrison was based on the square - the San Carlos de Ancud, founded in 1768.
The population chilota was deeply loyal to the Spanish Crown. When the struggle for independence in 1810 Chile, Chiloé has become the headquarters for operations in Spain to regain Peru and Chile. Although this failed, Chiloé remained a Spanish enclave after that Chile finally won its independence in 1818. Remained the last bastion of Spanish rule in South America until it was incorporated into the new Republic eight years later.
During the nineteenth century Chiloé experiencing an economic boom. Its ports are visited by ships traveling to the south, and its wood is an important export product. This ends at the end of the century, as a result of the opening of the Panama Canal and on exploitation of the larch and cypress islands. During the first half of the twentieth century, the economy also suffers from serious problems in agriculture and animal husbandry. As a result, there is considerable migration chilota south to Patagonia and the Strait of Magellan. Currently, the archipelago's economy is based on the industrial control of natural resources (timber and fish) and traditional farming and fishing.
The explanation for peoples to understand the world in which Vivian is reflected in stories full of imagination that are part of the collective imagination of the people is not Chilote other things that the construct of cultures and different world views which are based on more absolute isolation.
Rail-Rail Vilu and Kai-Kai Vilu
The Big Island of Chiloe centuries ago was a piece of land connected to the mainland without major islands. But at some point all this changed. According to the aborigines of the place, all lived in great harmony with nature and the gods pillanes or their caregivers. One of them, the most important at the local level was the snake-Rail Train benign Vilu (from Mapudungun Rail Train Vilu land and that means that means snake) which represents the earth.
At one point Vilu Rail-Rail had warned the men who lived with her, I was going to get a day for which should be ready, because evil serpent wake Kai-Kai (Kai Kai Vilu water and that means that means snake ), which represents the sea and the waters in general.
And came a day when the warning came true. Kai-Kai Vilu, had awakened with an overwhelming rage, causing water gradually occupy the nearby sea. Despavoridos men ran to save them, for help
Rail-Rail Vilu, and shelters for help.
Train-train, seeing the wickedness of Kai-kai, which covered the land, turning men into fish, like all land animals were made by water, began to raise the land to save men the waters that rose more and more.
At that time the two opposing forces, Rail-Rail and Kai-Kai, it was literally stranded in an ugly battle, destroyed by the fury of the fighting, villages, forests and everything that was around. As a result of the violent encounter gave birth to so many islands and is today the archipelago of Chiloé.
In the end, the strength of benign-Rail Train, won the battle in hand, expelling Kai-Kai to the depths of the sea. The men thanked Rail-Rail your help and this made them promise not to get carried away by the evil and the ambitions of the world, always helping nature and extracting from it only what is necessary to survive, because if at any time tempted to return to these things, wake up again Vilu Kai-kai, to punish the man and take revenge for his defeat, trying to devastate life on Earth again.
It is also said that Rail train is manifested through a mythological mountain that rises out of the water, so it is quite common to find in Chiloé and surrounding hills to which the locals call Rail Train.
Churches of Chiloé
The churches of Chiloé are built entirely of wood. Many of them do not have nails in their construction, if not with dowels.
Besides beauty, impacts the amount of them, because they are not more than 10 kilometers distant from each other. Were declared World Heritage Churches Detif, Ichuac, Nercón, Quinchao Rilán, San Juan, Tenaún, Vilupulli, Achao Aldachildo, San Francisco de Castro, Chonchi, Colo. and Dalcahue.
There are 70 churches that belong to what has been defined as "Chilota School of Religious Architecture," has a basilica with three naves, the central dome and the tower centered on the porch.
From church to church Achao Rilán Castro and closing the cycle of large churches chilota can follow the development of this school for nearly two hundred years. Independent of the carved moldings and Baroque church Achao or sober neo-classical composition of the church or Chonchi Dalcahue mid-nineteenth century or in the neogothic Rilan, styles are only here to be with ornaments is the church to the taste of time without affecting its overall design.
Location of Churches
Initially solitary always along the coast since the natives were scattered through the countryside or other islands, had a front yard or processions esplanade and side the house of the missionaries in the nineteenth century was added a cemetery, with the growth of populations in the vicinity of the churches, the Esplanade became initial Plaza.